Differences between girls and boys in emerging language skills: evidence from 10 language communities.

TitleDifferences between girls and boys in emerging language skills: evidence from 10 language communities.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsEriksson, M, Marschik, PB, Tulviste, T, Almgren, M, Pereira, MPérez, Wehberg, S, Marjanovič-Umek, L, Gayraud, F, Kovacevic, M, Gallego, C
JournalBr J Dev Psychol
Volume30
IssuePt 2
Pagination326-43
Date Published2012 Jun
ISSN0261-510X
KeywordsAge Factors, Analysis of Variance, Child, Preschool, Communication, Comprehension, Europe, Female, Gestures, Humans, Infant, Language, Language Development, Male, Sex Factors, Vocabulary
Abstract

The present study explored gender differences in emerging language skills in 13,783 European children from 10 non-English language communities. It was based on a synthesis of published data assessed with adapted versions of the MacArthur-Bates Communicative Development Inventories (CDIs) from age 0.08 to 2.06. The results showed that girls are slightly ahead of boys in early communicative gestures, in productive vocabulary, and in combining words. The difference increased with age. Boys were not found to be more variable than girls. Despite extensive variation in language skills between language communities, the difference between girls and boys remained. This suggests that the difference is caused by robust factors that do not change between language communities.

DOI10.1111/j.2044-835X.2011.02042.x
Alternate JournalBr J Dev Psychol
PubMed ID22550951
Grant ListP 19581 / / Austrian Science Fund FWF / Austria

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