Improvements in performance following optometric vision therapy in a child with dyspraxia.

TitleImprovements in performance following optometric vision therapy in a child with dyspraxia.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2006
AuthorsHurst, CMF, Van de Weyer, S, Smith, C, Adler, PM
JournalOphthalmic Physiol Opt
Date Published2006 Mar
KeywordsApraxias, Biofeedback, Psychology, Child, Eye Movements, Humans, Male, Motor Skills, Occupational Therapy, Optometry, Vision Disorders, Visual Perception

SS, an 8-year-old boy with dyspraxia, presented for behavioural optometry assessment. He had been diagnosed with a subtle form of dyspraxia by his paediatric occupational therapist, based on poor proprioception, delayed bilateral integration and poor visual perception. A full visual assessment was carried out. SS was given a programme of reflex inhibition exercises for 3 months. Then, a programme of optometric vision therapy (OVT) exercises was prescribed at home and in practice for a period of 8 months. SS was assessed using a battery of occupational therapy Sensory Integration and Praxis Tests (SIPT) before optometric intervention, and after OVT. There were significant improvements in fusional reserves, accommodative facility and oculomotor control of pursuit and saccadic eye movements. His reading level had changed by 4 years in 11 months. The SIPT results showed improvements in the visual and motor/visual perception subtests, confirming the significant changes in visual perceptual performance. Consideration is given to treatment modalities for dyspraxia, and the studies confirming their effectivity of approach. This case study provides evidence supporting the use of OVT eye exercises in dyspraxia, ocular motility, accommodative dysfunction, learning difficulties and sports performance. The need for further research and inter-professional working is discussed.

Alternate JournalOphthalmic Physiol Opt
PubMed ID16460320