Just over a decade ago the world thought that brains could not change once we reached a certain age. Not only was this a wrong assumption it was very damaging as well.
Children were categorized by intelligence level. Expectations were set. These expectations tended to be met. Not because they were true. they were met because they got into the children's heads. If they were told they were a certain intelligence and all those around them assumed this to be true then that's what they lived up to.
I can't think of anything much more damaging to a child than this wrong assumption.
Now we know different. We can change our brains. Our intelligence is fluid. It's up to us to develop our intelligence and help our children develop theirs.
When it comes to intelligence, where we start doesn't matter as much as how we progress. If we build our cognitive skills a little each day, over time we will make very large and significant changes.
There are two aspects to this. Neurogenesis and neuroplasticity.
Neurogenesis - The formation of new neurons
Neuroplasticity - Neurons forming new connections with other neurons.
Amazingly each individual can connect to up to 10,000 other neurons. This capability allows for an amazingly complex network. A highly connected brain has stronger cognitive abilities. Forming these new connections allows the brain to heal and build new intelligences. The power of neurogenesis cannot be overstated. It is the most widely overlooked aspect of helping a child get past a specific learning difficulty.
The one thing that most causes neurogenesis and neuroplasticity is proprioceptive exercises.