Mindsets and human nature: promoting change in the Middle East, the schoolyard, the racial divide, and willpower.

TitleMindsets and human nature: promoting change in the Middle East, the schoolyard, the racial divide, and willpower.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsDweck, CS
JournalAm Psychol
Volume67
Issue8
Pagination614-22
Date Published2012 Nov
ISSN1935-990X
KeywordsAchievement, Culture, Human Characteristics, Humans, Middle East, Self Concept, Students
Abstract

Debates about human nature often revolve around what is built in. However, the hallmark of human nature is how much of a person's identity is not built in; rather, it is humans' great capacity to adapt, change, and grow. This nature versus nurture debate matters-not only to students of human nature-but to everyone. It matters whether people believe that their core qualities are fixed by nature (an entity theory, or fixed mindset) or whether they believe that their qualities can be developed (an incremental theory, or growth mindset). In this article, I show that an emphasis on growth not only increases intellectual achievement but can also advance conflict resolution between long-standing adversaries, decrease even chronic aggression, foster cross-race relations, and enhance willpower. I close by returning to human nature and considering how it is best conceptualized and studied.

DOI10.1037/a0029783
Alternate JournalAm Psychol
PubMed ID23163438

Add new comment

Plain text

  • No HTML tags allowed.
  • Web page addresses and e-mail addresses turn into links automatically.
  • Lines and paragraphs break automatically.