Evaluating current deficit theories of poor reading: role of phonological processing, naming speed, balance automaticity, rapid verbal perception and working memory.

TitleEvaluating current deficit theories of poor reading: role of phonological processing, naming speed, balance automaticity, rapid verbal perception and working memory.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2005
AuthorsSavage, R, Frederickson, N, Goodwin, R, Patni, U, Smith, N, Tuersley, L
JournalPercept Mot Skills
Volume101
Issue2
Pagination345-61
Date Published2005 Oct
ISSN0031-5125
KeywordsChild, Discrimination Learning, Dyslexia, Female, Humans, Male, Memory, Short-Term, Phonetics, Postural Balance, Reaction Time, Reading, Reference Values, Semantics, Speech Perception, Underachievement
Abstract

To clarify the nature of cognitive deficits experienced by poor readers, 9-10-yr.-old poor readers were matched against 9 chronological age and 9 younger reading age-matched controls screened and selected from regular classrooms. Poor readers performed significantly more poorly than chronological age-matched peers on digit naming speed, spoonerisms, and nonsense word reading. Poor readers were also significantly poorer than reading age-matched controls on nonword reading but were significantly better than reading age-matched controls on postural stability. Analyses of effect sizes were consistent with these findings, showing strong effects for digit naming speed, spoonerisms, and nonword reading. However, effect size analysis also suggested that poor readers experienced moderate difficulties with balance automatisation but did not show verbal speech perception deficits relative to either control

DOI10.2466/pms.101.2.345-361
Alternate JournalPercept Mot Skills
PubMed ID16383062

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