Development and validation of the short grit scale (grit-s).

TitleDevelopment and validation of the short grit scale (grit-s).
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsDuckworth, ALee, Quinn, PD
JournalJ Pers Assess
Date Published2009 Mar
KeywordsAchievement, Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Cross-Sectional Studies, Female, Goals, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Motivation, Personal Satisfaction, Personality, Prospective Studies, Self-Assessment, Social Behavior, Surveys and Questionnaires, Young Adult

In this article, we introduce brief self-report and informant-report versions of the Grit Scale, which measures trait-level perseverance and passion for long-term goals. The Short Grit Scale (Grit-S) retains the 2-factor structure of the original Grit Scale (Duckworth, Peterson, Matthews, & Kelly, 2007) with 4 fewer items and improved psychometric properties. We present evidence for the Grit-S's internal consistency, test-retest stability, consensual validity with informant-report versions, and predictive validity. Among adults, the Grit-S was associated with educational attainment and fewer career changes. Among adolescents, the Grit-S longitudinally predicted GPA and, inversely, hours watching television. Among cadets at the United States Military Academy, West Point, the Grit-S predicted retention. Among Scripps National Spelling Bee competitors, the Grit-S predicted final round attained, a relationship mediated by lifetime spelling practice.

Alternate JournalJ Pers Assess
PubMed ID19205937